Address: Mugello Circut, Via Senni 15, Scarperia, Firenze 50038, Italy
PH: +39 55 8499111
Circuit type: Permanent road course
Mugello is one of Italy's classic circuits, tucked away in the rolling hills of the Tuscany region and beloved of the motorcycle racing brigade. Each year thousands pack into the grandstands to worship the MotoGP riders, in particular home hero Valentino Rossi, whose fans turn the hillsides yellow in deference to their hero.
Despite its classic course feel, Mugello is a relatively modern affair and actually the second circuit to bear this name. The original was a course along public roads, winding along 38 miles of Tuscan countryside. This saw action from 1914 through to 1970. Names such Giuseppe Campari, Enzo Ferrari and local idol Emilio Materassi were among the luminaries who raced the old Circuito del Mugello, which went from Scarperia uphill to Firenzuola, then through the Futa Pass and downhill to San Piero and Scarperia.
The advent of Mille Miglia dimmed Mugello's importance, but in the mid 1960s with the end of the round-Italy race, competitions on the Mugello roads resumed their position of significance once more. The Mugello GP was revived in 1955 and from the 1964 to 1969 as a Targa Florio-like road race consisting of eight laps of 66.2 km each. Road were closed for racing and qualifying, but during practice – incredibly – they remained open to the public.
The folly of this approach was exposed in 1970, when a seven month-old baby was killed when local racer Spartaco Dini crashed his Alfa Romeo GTA into a group of people at the village of Firenzuola during a private test. Four other people, including 2 young children, were seriously injured and that year's event proved the last. Authorities had already begun looking for a site for a permanent closed course and the tragedy only served to accelerate these plans.
Land at Barberino di Mugello was identified as being most suitable, nestling as it did in a valley to create natural sweeps and elevation changes. Several layouts were considered, before the final version was approved and construction began in 1973.
The new Mugello opened in June 1974 with a round of the F5000 series and was immediately popular with competitors. A long, sweeping main straight spilled into a rising right-hander, before rising and falling through the hillsides behind the pits through a series of fast corners. The World Sportscar Championship made several visits during the 1970s, while the original Formula Two series made it a mainstay of its schedule from the outset. The circuit was also very quickly adopted by the Motorcycle World Championships.
By the mid 1980s, however, Mugello was in financial trouble and there was much uncertainty as to the circuit's future. Persistent rumours abounded that the valley would be flooded to create a reservoir to supply nearby Firenze. However, in 1988, the circuit was purchased by Ferrari who intended to use it as an additional testing facility for its Formula One cars.
Extensive renovations were carried out in time for the 1991 season, including the construction of new pit and paddock facilties, the removal of Armco barrier in favour of concrete walls and the enlargement of many run-off and gravel areas. The rarely used short course was removed at this point, becoming instead an alternative shortcut lane towards the pits. Mugello had never looked better and the changes ensured the return of the Motorcycle World Championships and the debut of the World Superbikes.
On four wheels, the circuit has hosted the FIA GT championships, Formula 3000 and the short-lived International Touring Car Championship. In 2012, it also held an official Formula One test session. Today it hosts rounds of the Italian national GT and touring car championships, as well as the Ferrari Challenge Europe.
Mugello Circuit is located near to the town of Borgo San Lorenzo in Tuscany, Italy. The nearest international airport is at Florence, approximately 30km to the south, while Forli and Bologna are around 100kms away.
Travelling by car from Firenze, take the A1 Autostrada towards Bologna and take the Barberino Mugello exit, which is approximately 15km from the circuit. From here, follow the road signs for 'Autodromo Internazionale del Mugello'. From Bologna, take the A1 south and exit at Pian del Voglio, and pass through Bruscoli, Passo della Futa, Panna, Galliano and Scaperia to arrive at the circuit.
If travelling by train, Borgo San Lorenzo is the nearest station, though at 5km from the circuit, a taxi ride is recommended to make the final part of the journey.